The Bishop of Bling:
Monsignor Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst
Ordinary of the Diocese of Limburg, Germany
[October 23, 2013]
Summary: Breaking News
As reported today in the Italian daily, il Fatto, Pope Francis has decided that Monsignor Franz Peter Tebartz-van Elst, bishop of Limburg, Germany, but currently in Rome to explain the out-of-control spending in his diocese on a restoration project…
“[translated from the Italian] will not return to the diocese until light is cast upon the renovation expenses of the episcopal see…”
An Apostolic Administrator has been appointed on an interim basis to run the diocese.
According to a Vatican statement,
“[translated from the Italian] there has been created a situation in which the bishop for the present may not exercise his episcopal ministry.”
This is significant, and goes far beyond the alleged spending habits of one among several thousand Catholic bishops and eparchs around the globe:
It signals the seriousness of Pope Francis’ campaign against displays of luxury and profligate spending by high-ranking clergy;
It comes with lightning speed after a private audience between the pope and the bishop two days ago, where the bishop was given an opportunity to explain himself;
It is a swift reaction to lame news management efforts by the bishop yesterday, with a posting on his diocesan website to the effect that the papal meeting had been ‘very encouraging’;
It goes against the ingrained view within the Curia Romana that when it comes to cardinals and bishops, scandal must be avoided at all costs;
It hauls on the carpet one of Pope Benedict’s favorites, a protege he elevated to the rank of bishop at the youthful age of 47 (making Tebartz-van Elst at the time the youngest bishop in Germany);
There is nothing doctrinal about this episode, ‘it’s just business’ as Tessio said in The Godfather.
German and Italian media, and to a lesser extent some outlets in the U.S., have been reporting the widening controversy about the spending habits of Monsignor Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst, ordinary of the Diocese of Limburg in Germany, within the Ecclesiastical Province of the Archdiocese of Cologne. [I will avoid a facile riff about the pungent smell of local Limburger cheese.]
The issue is whether Catholic bishops and Eastern rite eparchs take seriously the pope’s admonitions about living large…
There is also the complicating factor that Tebart-van Elst was hand-picked by Pope Benedict and elevated in 2007 as the then-youngest bishop in Germany, clearly destined for higher duties, and a prelate in the mold of Pope Benedict.
The Facts of the Case, below, are drawn from the excellent reporting of two full-time Vaticanisti: Robert Mickens of The Tablet and Andrea Tornielli of La Stampa.
The End Comment is my responsibility.
Facts of the Case
The renovation of a cluster of diocesan buildings close to the Cathedral, including the bishop’s residence, began some years ago with a budgeted cost of about €5 million (almost $7 million), and has soared to a current estimate of €31 million ($43 million); a six-fold increase.
As frequently happens, a particular item has become the ‘gotcha’ symbol for a complicated tangle of technical details:
€15,000 ($21,000) for His Excellency’s bathtub
Comment: Remember the $600 ashtray in a USAF stealth airplane? Turns out that the plane was pretty damn good, btw…
Separately, His Excellency got into a dispute with a wide-circulation German weekly, Der Spiegel, over his trip to India a few years ago to a poverty conference, and the cost of his air fare.
This episode has drawn comments from some leading personalities in Germany and in the Vatican:
Chancellor Angela Merkel, daughter of a Lutheran minister;
Archbishop Gerhard Müller, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, a German national;
Archbishop Robert Zollisch, head of the German conference of bishops; and
Cardinal Reinhard Marx, Cardinal-archbishop of Munich and Freising, and a member of Pope Francis Group of Eight cardinal-consultors; a German national.
It lines up 3:1 against the Bishop of Bling.
Chancellor Merkel has described the Limburg situation as a ‘scandal’.
This is remarkably direct for someone whose defining trait is prudence.
But before anyone howls about ‘separation of church and state’ it should be kept in mind that the German government provides a handsome subsidy to the Catholic Church in Germany (and to other recognized religious denominations):
German taxpayers may direct to their designated religion the “Kirchensteuer,” about 8-9% of their tax bill.
So government officials have a stake in how money is spent by subsidized religious denominations. Pity that dozens of American attorneys general and district attorneys could not get it through their heads that the religious exemption from property taxes is in fact a taxpayers’ subsidy, something that any Ec-101 student could explain.
We are also four years away from the date of Martin Luther’s 95 theses, posted almost half a millennium ago in 1517; an anniversary that will have a lot of resonance in Germany.
Archbishop Gerhard Müller rose to the defense of Bishop Tebartz-van Elst last month, and described the media campaign against the bishop as
“a building of lies…the bishop stays…”
Interesting resonance here…when Pope Benedict was urged to remove his #2, Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone he reportedly answered,
“Der Mann bleibt” [the guy stays].
Further back in time, when the Boston clergy sex abuse scandal broke in January of 2002, several American cardinals were summoned to Rome in March, including Boston’s Cardinal Bernard Law. With a pack of eager media types waiting to hear the results of their meeting with Pope John Paul II, Cardinal Law skipped the presser, and the lead spokesman for the Church, then-prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, Cardinal Dario Castrillon Hoyos, told the assembled scrum:
“Concerning the problem of sexual abuse and pedophilia…It’s already an X-ray of the problem that so many of the questions [are] in English”
This was his adorably oblique was of suggesting that pedophilia is most prevalent among Anglophones.
On the other hand, Archbishop Robert Zollitsch and Cardinal Reinhard Marx had some rational things to say about the Limburg situation:
Archbishop Zollitsch said, “we have an enormous credibility problem”;
Cardinal Marx described what was happening in Limburg as “disturbing.”
The German episcopal conference has launched a commission to study the matter which is technically quite complex. So it is still possible that the bishop of Limburg will be exonerated. But two circumstances suggest otherwise:
a) The exiling of the bishop from his own see.
Interesting canonical question, usually, when an Apostolic Administrator is appointed (Boston, December, 2002 through July, 2003), this is because of a sede vacante (vacant seat); but in Limburg there is a sede plena sed absente (full but vacant see). But how can a single sede accommodate two prelates?
b) As noted above, three very senior stake-holders in Germany have weighed into the fray.
And there is quite a back-story here.
Pope Benedict’s selection of Tebart-van Elst in 2007 for the Limburg see was remarkable, and not just for the bishop’s age at the time (all of 47).
Monsignor Joseph Ratzinger himself was named bishop of Munich and Freising in 1977 at the age of 49, still slightly older than Tebart-van Elst at the equivalent times.
Previously, Monsignor Ratzinger had taught at Regensburg University; almost ditto for Monsignor Tebart-van Elst who had taught at Münster University.
Furthermore, the Limburg see is within the Ecclesiastical Province of Cologne, and this would make the Limburg ordinary a contender for one of the most prestigious big-city sees in Germany, the Archdiocese of Cologne.
It is too soon to draw any firm conclusions, but in the event that the Bishop of Bling’s temporary exile becomes permanent, this suggests an interesting avenue of recourse for beleaguered Catholics whose churches are being sold off while the local hierarchy lives large. Follow the advice that Pope Francis gave in Rio, and
‘make a mess in your dioceses’